VAG Oil Specification


 The Volkswagen Group is one of the largest car manufacturers in the world. Besides Volkswagen branded cars it also produces cars under the Seat, Skoda, Audi and other brand names. From motor oil perspective these brands have one thing in common: all of them require motor oils that meet VW oil specifications. Without knowing what they mean these specifications are less then straightforward because by choosing an oil based on a specification we make sure that we choose the right oil for our car.

 Currently there are 11 different VW motor oil specifications in use. Some of them were created in the 1990s, some of them after 2000. Some are recommended for gasoline powered cars some for diesels. Some are for normal drain intervals some are for extended drains. This means that not all of them demand similar performance levels from the oils. There are higher end standards and lower end standards and it's good to know which one to choose if you want an oil that excels in as many areas as possible.

 

 VW 500.00 - specification for multigrade engine oils for gasoline engines with SAE 5W-X/10W-X viscosity. This is an "old" oil specification and is applicable to engines built up to August 1999. Oils with an approval made post March 1997 were given an alternative, later VW specification. Compliance with the requirements of ACE A3-96.

 VW 501.01 -   this is an “old” oil specification and is applicable to engines built up to August 1999. Oils with an approval made post March 1997 were given an alternative, later VW specification. Compliance with ACEA A2.

 VW 502.00 – an oil for gasoline engines. Successor of VW 501.01 and VW 500.00 specification. Recommended for those which are subject to arduous conditions. It must not be used for any engines with variable service intervals or any which are referred to under other specifications. Compliance with ACEA A3.

 VW 503.00 - Longlife gasoline engine oil for VW cars with WIV (system for longer service intervals). Also meets ACEA A1, SAE 0W-30 or 5W-30 specification. Not allowed to apply for a car’s previous releases due to the reduced temperature viscosity, which can lead to damage to the motor.

 VW 503.01 - this specification is specifically for Audi RS4, Audi TT, S3 and Audi A8 6.0 V12 models with outputs of more than 180bhp, running with variable service intervals (30,000km or 2 years). Now superceeded by the VW 504.00 specification.

 VW 504.00 - the VW 504 00 specification superceedes the VW 503 00 and VW 503.01 specifications. VW 504 00 oils are suitable for engines meeting the demands of Euro IV emissions standards.

 VW 505.00 - car oils for diesel engines in passenger cars with or without turbo. Lists viscosities SAE 5W-50, 10W-50/60, 15W-40/50, 20W-40/50, 5W-30/40, 10W-30/40). Baseline specifications comply with ACEA B3 requirements.

 

 VW 505.01 - special engine oil for VW turbodiesel engines with pump-injector-unit and for the V8 Commonrail turbodiesel engines. Meets ACEA B4 SAE 5W-40 specification.

 VW 506.00 - these oils are suitable for diesel engines with extended service intervals of up to 50,000km / 2 years. Not for use on engines with a single injector pump. Oil change is indicated by the electronic service indicator. Viscosity is SAE 0W30. Not allowed to apply for a car’s previous releases due to the reduced temperature viscosity, which can lead to damage to the motor.

 VW 506.01 - for diesel engines with pump - injector and extended service interval. Compliance with ACEA B4.

 VW 507.00 - low SAPS oils suitable for Euro 4 engines and almost all VAG diesel engines from 2000 onwards with extended service intervals, unitary injector pumps and also Pumpe-Düse ("PD") engines. Excludes V10, R5 engines and VW Commercial vehicles without fitted DPF (diesel particulate filters) – these must use VW 506.01 specification oil.

 VW 508.00 and VW 509.00 – is coming soon. This specification is combo (508.00 for petrol, 509.00 for diesel) requires a 0W20 viscosity, fuel economy oil with long life additives.